Chapter: 05 – Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat

01. Studying Torah on Shabbat

01. Studying Torah on Shabbat It is a mitzva to study a great deal of Torah on Shabbat. The Sages stated: “Shabbat and Yom Tov were given solely to study Torah on them” (y. Shabbat 15c). The Sages also stated: … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 01. Studying Torah on Shabbat

02. What to Study on Shabbat

Torah study on Shabbat should be a joy and a pleasure. Therefore, some poskim advise against studying difficult and complicated subjects, because when one does not understand what he is studying he becomes tense and aggravated. Therefore, it is proper … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 02. What to Study on Shabbat

03. Sleeping on Shabbat

Included in the mitzva of oneg Shabbat is sleeping soundly, as the popular proverb has it: “Sleeping on Shabbat is a pleasure.” But it is not proper for one to sleep on Shabbat in order to work Saturday night. Doing … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 03. Sleeping on Shabbat

04. The Shabbat Sermon

It has long been customary for rabbis to deliver important derashot (sermons or homilies) on Shabbat, in which they deal with halakhic and theological matters. These would be attended by the entire community. This important practice has its foundation in … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 04. The Shabbat Sermon

05. Women and Torah Study on Shabbat

There is a fundamental difference between men’s and women’s obligation to study Torah. Men, even after they have learned all of halakha and the fundamentals of faith, are still obligated to set aside time to study Torah and to review … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 05. Women and Torah Study on Shabbat

06. Reading the Torah on Shabbat

An ordinance tracing back to Moshe mandates that Jews read from holy Torah scrolls written in ink on parchment every Shabbat, Monday, and Thursday (BK 82a). Due to the holiness and exaltedness of Shabbat, the Sages instituted that seven people … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 06. Reading the Torah on Shabbat

07. The Haftara

The Sages instituted that in addition to the Torah reading, there should also be a public reading from the Prophets on a topic related either to the Torah reading or to the time of year. One berakha is made before … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 07. The Haftara

08. Torah Reading at Minĥa on Shabbat

In addition to ordaining the reading of the parsha on Shabbat morning, Ezra the Scribe also instituted that the Torah be read at Minĥa. Three people are called up at Minĥa and the beginning of the next parsha is read. … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 08. Torah Reading at Minĥa on Shabbat

09. Shnayim Mikra Ve-eĥad Targum

In addition to the communal Torah reading in shul, the Sages also mandated that each week every man should read shnayim mikra ve-eĥad targum (lit. “twice Scripture, once translation”), that is, the parsha twice and the Aramaic translation once. He … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 09. Shnayim Mikra Ve-eĥad Targum

10. Different Customs Relating to Shnayim Mikra Ve-eĥad Targum

Some customarily read shnayim mikra ve-eĥad targum on Friday and try to do the entire reading without stopping (Arizal; Shlah; Kaf Ha-ĥayim 285:3; Tur). Others follow the custom of reading one aliya each day of the week, so that on … Continue reading

Posted in 05 - Torah Study and Prayer on Shabbat | Comments Off on 10. Different Customs Relating to Shnayim Mikra Ve-eĥad Targum