Chapter: 11 – Borer (Separating)

01. Four Melakhot Related to Borer

There are four melakhot that deal with separating okhel (food) from psolet (waste): Dash (threshing), Zoreh (winnowing), Borer (separating), and Meraked (sifting). The melakha of Dash involves detaching food matter from its husk. The melakha is named for the act … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 01. Four Melakhot Related to Borer

02. Derekh Akhila and Derekh Melakha

The most important principle in the laws of Borer is the distinction between one who performs Borer in the manner of the melakha and one who is preparing food for immediate consumption. When okhel is separated from psolet in the … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 02. Derekh Akhila and Derekh Melakha

03. Two Types of Food Mixed Together

Separating a mixture of two types of food also constitutes a violation of Borer. Even if both foods are edible, since they are different types and one is interested in having each type separately, each is considered psolet in relation … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 03. Two Types of Food Mixed Together

04. The Prohibition Applies Only to Mixtures

The prohibition of Borer applies only when there are two items mixed together; if the items are not mixed, but simply next to each other, it is not forbidden to separate them. For example, if walnuts and peanuts are mixed … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 04. The Prohibition Applies Only to Mixtures

05. Removing Psolet from Okhel

As we have seen, it is considered derekh akhila to remove okhel from psolet in order to eat it immediately. However, removing psolet from the okhel is a transgression of Borer.[4] Even when the psolet is minimal and it is … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 05. Removing Psolet from Okhel

06. Immediate Use

As we saw (section 2), the prohibition of Borer only applies when it is done through derekh melakha. Separating okhel from psolet in order to eat it immediately is not considered Borer because it is derekh akhila. Therefore, one who … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 06. Immediate Use

07. By Hand and Not with an Implement

As we saw earlier (section 2), one may remove okhel from psolet in the normal way of eating if three conditions are met. One of the conditions is that the separating is done by hand and not with an implement … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 07. By Hand and Not with an Implement

08. Removing Peels and Pits

One may remove peels from fruit in order to eat them. Even though removing the peel is similar to removing psolet from okhel, it is not forbidden because this is the normal way to eat a fruit that has a … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 08. Removing Peels and Pits

09. Bones in Fish and Meat

When eating fish with bones, one may remove the bones in the course of eating. In other words, one may begin eating the fish, and when he gets to the bones that are in his way, he may remove them … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 09. Bones in Fish and Meat

10. Removing Watermelon Seeds and Rotten Fruit

While cutting a watermelon, one may remove the seeds by shaking out each slice. Any seeds that remain may be removed by hand or with a knife, because that is the normal way to eat watermelon. This is on condition … Continue reading

Posted in 11 - Borer (Separating) | Comments Off on 10. Removing Watermelon Seeds and Rotten Fruit