Chapter: 23 – Muktzeh

01. The Basis of the Prohibition

The Sages prohibited moving things that are not fitting for Shabbat and that one puts out of his mind (maktzeh mi-da’ato). There are two fundamental reasons for this prohibition: 1) to preserve the atmosphere of Shabbat as a day of … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 01. The Basis of the Prohibition

02. Principles of Muktzeh

As a rule, the Sages forbade moving things on Shabbat that are not fitting for use on Shabbat and that one puts out of his mind (section 10 below). There are several types of muktzeh: 1) Muktzeh maĥmat gufo (inherently … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 02. Principles of Muktzeh

03. Muktzeh Maĥmat Gufo

Any item that is unfit for any use on Shabbat is muktzeh maĥmat gufo. This means that it is inherently muktzeh; because it is of no use on Shabbat, it is put out of one’s mind, muktzeh. This category includes … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 03. Muktzeh Maĥmat Gufo

04. Muktzeh Maĥmat Ĥesron Kis

Valuable items that have no use on Shabbat and that people always take care not to move except for the specific purpose for which they are designed (to ensure the items do not get damaged or lost) are muktzeh maĥmat … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 04. Muktzeh Maĥmat Ĥesron Kis

05. Basis Le-davar Ha-asur and Conscious Placement

If a muktzeh item was placed atop a non-muktzeh item with the intention that it stay there all of Shabbat, then the permitted item becomes muktzeh, as it serves as a basis (base) for a forbidden object. For example, if … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 05. Basis Le-davar Ha-asur and Conscious Placement

06. More on Basis Le-davar Ha-asur

If an assortment of items have been placed on a tray or table, some muktzeh and some not, the muktzeh status of the tray depends upon which items one considers to be more important. If the muktzeh items are more … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 06. More on Basis Le-davar Ha-asur

07. Kelim She-melakhtam Le-isur

Kelim she-melakhtam le-isur are objects normally used for activities that are prohibited on Shabbat. Some examples are hammers, scissors, needles, pliers, and phone books. Since they are designed for things that are prohibited on Shabbat, they are muktzeh. Nevertheless, since … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 07. Kelim She-melakhtam Le-isur

08. Kelim with Both Permitted and Prohibited Uses

The status of kelim used for both permissible and forbidden activities is determined by the majority of their use (Pri Megadim; MB 308:10). Therefore, a pocket knife with scissors is not muktzeh, because most of its blades can be used … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 08. Kelim with Both Permitted and Prohibited Uses

09. Kelim She-melakhtam Le-heter, Food, and Books

Kelim that are used for permitted purposes (kelim she-melakhtam le-heter), a category that includes tables, chairs, beds, pillows, thermoses, clocks, and brooms, may be moved for any reason, though one may not move them for no reason at all. In … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 09. Kelim She-melakhtam Le-heter, Food, and Books

10. An Item that was Muktzeh Throughout Bein Ha-shmashot

If an item was muktzeh throughout bein ha-shmashot on Friday, it remains muktzeh throughout Shabbat, even if the reason it was considered muktzeh no longer applies. Therefore, if one left money on a table before Shabbat, the table becomes muktzeh … Continue reading

Posted in 23 - Muktzeh | Comments Off on 10. An Item that was Muktzeh Throughout Bein Ha-shmashot