Chapter: 30 – Teĥum Shabbat

01. General Principles of Teĥum Shabbat

The need to travel from place to place stems from man’s deficiency: he cannot find his livelihood and meet his needs by remaining stationary. So he must roam and leave his place. But the idea of Shabbat is for every … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 01. General Principles of Teĥum Shabbat

02. Squaring the Teĥum

The Sages established that one’s mekom shevita on Shabbat is square, and thus his teĥum is square as well. This means that if he is spending Shabbat in a field, and his mekom shevita is thus four amot, the measurement … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 02. Squaring the Teĥum

03. Teĥum Shabbat Is Individual

Teĥum Shabbat is specific to every individual, based on his location. For example, let us say that the homes of two neighbors (who do not live in a city) are located 1,000 amot apart from each other. Each neighbor has … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 03. Teĥum Shabbat Is Individual

04. Spending Shabbat In or Outside a City

For someone who is spending Shabbat in a city or town, whether its residents are Jewish or non-Jewish, the whole area that is built up contiguously is considered one place, and the 2,000 amot of the teĥum are measured from … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 04. Spending Shabbat In or Outside a City

05. Measuring Teĥum in Rabbinic Times and Nowadays

The Sages established rules for measuring the teĥum Shabbat as precisely as possible. First, they declared: “Teĥum Shabbat may be measured only with a rope that is fifty amot long, no more or less” (Eruvin 57b). If a longer rope … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 05. Measuring Teĥum in Rabbinic Times and Nowadays

06. The Cardinal Directions and Squaring a City

As we have seen (section 2), we square a person’s mekom shevita to determine his teĥum. If he is in a field (i.e., not in a city or town), his mekom shevita is a square with four-ama sides; if he … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 06. The Cardinal Directions and Squaring a City

07. Cases In Which We Do Not Square a City

As we have seen, by squaring the city, we add space in the corners to the teĥum. However, the Sages pointed out that sometimes we cannot draw straight lines to square the whole city, because the resulting square would include … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 07. Cases In Which We Do Not Square a City

08. Connecting Settled Areas

As long as the houses in a city are contiguous, meaning that they are not farther away from one another than the size of a karpif (a large courtyard, approximately 32 m long), they are considered part of one area … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 08. Connecting Settled Areas

09. Overlapping Squares

When the squares or rectangles formed around two cities overlap, even when there is no joint eruv, the overlapping area connects the cities. We draw a new rectangle around the entire area to include both cities. The residents of both … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 09. Overlapping Squares

10. The Status of Large Cities

If a highway within a city is more than 64 m wide and bisects the entire city, then the city is viewed as divided in two, and the teĥum Shabbat for residents of each of the two sections is calculated … Continue reading

Posted in 30 – Teĥum Shabbat | Comments Off on 10. The Status of Large Cities