Chapter: Laws of Women’s Prayer

Laws of Women’s Prayer

01. Prayer

Prayer is one of the principal expressions of belief in God. People are not perfect; they are flawed and they long to improve themselves. They therefore turn to the Creator of the world in prayer. Human imperfection is apparent on … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 01. Prayer

02. The Prayers of Our Ancestors and Prophets

We learn in the Tanakh that whenever our ancestors and the prophets needed help, they turned to God in prayer. The patriarch Avraham stood in prayer and begged that Sodom not be destroyed. God answered him that if there were … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 02. The Prayers of Our Ancestors and Prophets

03. The Effect of Prayer

God established a law in creation: when we awaken ourselves to approach the Almighty and request a blessing from Him, He, in turn, is aroused from above to bestow good on us, according to our needs and the world’s needs. … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 03. The Effect of Prayer

04. Is Prayer a Biblical Obligation?

The Rishonim disagree about whether there is a Torah commandment to pray every day. According to Rambam (Sefer Ha-mitzvot, mitzva 5), there is a biblical commandment to pray daily, as the Torah states (Shemot 23:25), “Serve God your Lord,” and … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 04. Is Prayer a Biblical Obligation?

05. The Institution of Prayer by the Men of the Great Assembly

The Men of the Great Assembly instituted the prayers and the blessings (Berakhot 33a). They set the wording of the Shemoneh Esrei and formulated all the berakhot, including those recited before and after the recitation of Shema (Birkhot Keri’at Shema) … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 05. The Institution of Prayer by the Men of the Great Assembly

06. The Fixed Formula (Nusaĥ)

Establishing a uniform formula that is repeated thrice daily in prayer has a certain disadvantage. Prayer is likely to become routine and one may lose the kavana that is aroused when one prays to God in her own words. On … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 06. The Fixed Formula (Nusaĥ)

07. Instituting Three Prayers

In addition to the special prayers that our forefathers said in times of trouble, they also set times in which they prayed to God (Berakhot 26b). Avraham established Shaĥarit. It was he who first illuminated the world with his faith, … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 07. Instituting Three Prayers

08. Kavana and Those Who Find it Difficult to Concentrate

Prayer is considered avoda she-ba-lev (worship of the heart); therefore its essence is dependent upon kavana. This is what the pious and people of deeds would do: They would meditate and concentrate on their prayers until all physicality fell away … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 01: Fundamentals of the Laws of Prayer | Comments Off on 08. Kavana and Those Who Find it Difficult to Concentrate

01. A Brief Outline of Women’s Obligation

According to most poskim, women and men are equal regarding the obligation to pray, and therefore women are obligated to recite Shemoneh Esrei of Shaĥarit and Minĥa, while Ma’ariv remains voluntary. Others maintain that women are only obligated to recite … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 02: The Mitzva of Prayer for Women | Comments Off on 01. A Brief Outline of Women’s Obligation

02. According to Most Poskim Women Are Obligated to Pray Shaĥarit and Minĥa

The Sages of the Mishna say that women are obligated in the mitzva of prayer (Berakhot 20b). According to most poskim, this mishna means the prayers instituted by the Sages apply to men and women alike. Of the three daily … Continue reading

Posted in Chapter 02: The Mitzva of Prayer for Women | Comments Off on 02. According to Most Poskim Women Are Obligated to Pray Shaĥarit and Minĥa