Chapter: 3 – The Mitzva of Getting Rid of Ĥametz

1. The Mitzvot Associated with Getting Rid of Ĥametz

It is a positive Torah commandment to eliminate all ĥametz from our possession before Pesaĥ, as it is written, “Yet on the first day you must remove the se’or from your homes” (Shemot 12:15). The oral tradition teaches that we … Continue reading

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2. The Prohibition against Ĥametz One Owns

The prohibition against ĥametz on Pesaĥ is unique in that it is not only forbidden to eat it, but it is forbidden even to keep; whoever keeps it in his home violates the two prohibitions of bal yera’eh and bal … Continue reading

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3. Ĥametz That Has Been Guaranteed by a Jew and the Status of Stocks

We have learned that one violates the prohibitions of bal yera’eh and bal yimatzei only by possessing ĥametz that is the property of a Jew, as it is written, “no ĥametz of yours shall be seen” (Shemot 13:7). Yet, at … Continue reading

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4. How One Fulfills the Mitzva of Removing the Ĥametz

We clear the ĥametz out of our homes in two ways: in thought and in deed, that is, spiritually and in practice. The removal in thought is done through nullification (bitul) of the ĥametz, declaring it ownerless and considered as … Continue reading

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5. The Essence of the Mitzva

A fundamental question arose concerning the essence of the mitzva of removing the ĥametz: is the mitzva essentially to eliminate the ĥametz actively or is the main principle that no ĥametz remains in a Jew’s possession? According to the view … Continue reading

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6. When the Prohibitions of Eating and Benefiting from Ĥametz Begin

The mitzva of getting rid of the ĥametz must be carried out by midday of the fourteenth of Nisan. Every instant that a Jew keeps his ĥametz after that time he is in violation of the positive commandment to remove … Continue reading

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7. The Procedure for Getting Rid of Ĥametz

As we have learned, we clear the ĥametz out of our homes both in deed and in thought. The process of removal consists of four stages: search (bedika), nullification (bitul), elimination (bi’ur), and nullification once again. The process begins with … Continue reading

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