Chapter: 5 – Bitul and Bi’ur Ĥametz

1. Bitul Ĥametz in the Evening and Morning

As we learned (above 3:4), one fulfills the mitzva of bi’ur ĥametz (disposing of ĥametz) in two ways, in action and in thought. The process of bi’ur ĥametz involves four stages. The first two, bedika and the first bitul, are … Continue reading

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2. The Significance of Bitul Ĥametz

As noted, the wording of our bitul ĥametz is in Aramaic because it was composed in an era when this was the vernacular. Yet one is free to recite it in Hebrew or any language he understands. If one utters … Continue reading

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3. Laws Regarding Bitul Ĥametz

Most Rishonim agree that, in principle, it is not necessary to recite the bitul ĥametz aloud. It is possible to nullify the ĥametz “in one’s heart,” i.e., to mentally regard his ĥametz as null and consider it as the dust … Continue reading

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4. The Custom of Bi’ur Ĥametz by Burning

As we have learned, in addition to bitul ĥametz, the Sages ordained the active elimination of all ĥametz remaining after breakfast on the morning of the fourteenth, and any ĥametz that was found during bedikat ĥametz (including the ten pieces … Continue reading

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5. Ĥametz in the Garbage

On the morning of the fourteenth of Nisan the question arises: Must ĥametz that has been placed in the garbage also be destroyed? If the garbage bin belongs to a Jew or is located on his property, he is obligated … Continue reading

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6. Ĥametz Found after the Onset of the Prohibition

If one finds ĥametz in his possession after the sixth hour of the day, he must dispose of it immediately. After midday, if one forgot to nullify the ĥametz in his possession, he is obligated by Torah law to eliminate … Continue reading

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