Chapter: 02 – The Minyan

01 – The Virtue of a Minyan

When ten Jews are engaged in Torah or prayer, the Shechinah dwells among them, as it says (Psalms 82:1), “God is present in a Godly congregation.” Although the Shechinah dwells even with one Jew who prays or learns individually, nevertheless, … Continue reading

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02 – The Virtue of Prayer in a Minyan

Upon first glance, one might think that prayer recited individually is more intense and passionate and better expresses one’s particular character and needs. However, despite the importance of the individual experience, our main objective in this world is to sanctify … Continue reading

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03 – What Is Prayer in a Minyan?

The essence of prayer in a minyan is praying Shemoneh Esrei together with ten Jews. One who does not succeed in praying Shemoneh Esrei together with the congregation should pray with the chazan when he repeats the Amidah (Chazarat HaShatz) … Continue reading

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04 – The Extent of One’s Obligation to Pray in a Minyan

It is a rabbinic mitzvah (mitzvah mi’drabbanan) to pray in a minyan. The Chachamim obligate a person to make an effort to walk to a minyan, even if it is far from his house, approximately the walking distance of a … Continue reading

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05 – Priorities Pertaining to Prayer in a Minyan

A person who finds it difficult to have kavanah when praying in a congregation, but succeeds in retaining the basic kavanah with which he fulfills his obligation, must pray in a minyan, even if he concentrates better while praying individually. … Continue reading

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06 – Who Can Be Counted in a Minyan?

A minyan is a gathering of ten male Jews of sound mind and responsibility to join together for matters of sanctity. A minor, who is not yet of full sound mind and competence, does not count as part of the … Continue reading

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07 – Is a Person Praying the Amidah Counted as Part of the Minyan?

To comprise a minyan, it is not necessary for all ten men to be able to participate in saying the matters of sanctity. Even when a few of those participating cannot respond to the chazan, they still complete the minyan. … Continue reading

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08 – Counting a Non-Religious Jew as Part of the Minyan

A Jew who has sinned, for example, by eating forbidden foods, committing adultery, or transgressing other biblical commandments, is still counted as part of the minyan. Despite the fact that he sinned, in his inner core he surely desires to … Continue reading

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09 – How Is a Person Counted in a Minyan?

As we have learned, a minyan is a gathering of ten Jewish males who are of sound mind. In order for them to join as a minyan, they must be together in one place. If nine of them are in … Continue reading

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10 – A Diminished Minyan

When the recital of Kaddish in a minyan has begun, and a few men leave in the middle, if most of the minyan remains (at least six including the chazan) the Kaddish may be completed. This rule applies to all … Continue reading

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