Chapter: 19 – The Chazan’s Repetition of the Amidah

01 – The Enactment of the Amidah Repetition (Chazarat HaShatz)

Anshei Knesset HaGedolah established that after individuals finish reciting the silent Shemoneh Esrei, the chazan repeats the Amidah out loud in order to fulfill the obligation of prayer for those who do not know how to pray by themselves (Rosh … Continue reading

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02 – Who May Fulfill His Obligation by Hearing the Amidah Repetition?

Three conditions must exist in order for an individual to be able to fulfill his obligation of prayer by hearing the Amidah repetition. 1) The individual must not be proficient in prayer. By contrast, one who knows how to pray … Continue reading

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03 – The Listener’s Conduct

The person who is listening must be careful to answer Amen after each and every berachah of the Amidah repetition, as the Chachamim teach (Berachot 53b): “The one who answers Amen is greater than the one who recites the blessing.” … Continue reading

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04 – Must Nine Men Respond to Chazarat HaShatz?

When the chazan repeats the Amidah, each and every congregant must be silent, have kavanah to hear the chazan’s berachot, and answer Amen to them all. We have already mentioned the opinion (in the laws of the minyan, 2:7) that … Continue reading

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05 – When Is the Amidah Repetition Not Recited?

Situations arise in which there is no time to pray a silent Amidah first and then recite an Amidah repetition. For example, sometimes a number of people must leave for work and without them there is no minyan. In such … Continue reading

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06 – Kedushah

In the third berachah of the Amidah, Kedushah is recited. The essence of the Kedushah is in the responses, “Kadosh, kadosh, kadosh, Hashem Tzevakot, melo kol ha’aretz kevodo” (“Holy, holy, holy is Hashem, master of Hosts, the whole world is … Continue reading

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07 – When Does the Chazan Recite the Verses of Kedushah?

The chazan must recite the verses “Kadosh,” “Baruch,” and “Yimloch” together with the congregation, in order to say them with a minyan. He must also recite them out loud, so that if someone is in the middle of the Amidah, he will be able … Continue reading

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08 – Modim D’Rabbanan and Additional Laws

When the chazan reaches Modim, the whole congregation bows with him and recites Modim d’Rabbanan, whose nusach differs from that of the Modim in the Amidah, as clarified in the Talmud (Sotah 40a). The entire congregation bows down in Modim … Continue reading

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09 – Is It Possible to Make Up the Amidah Repetition?

Ten men who each prayed individually and later gather in one place do not have the status of a minyan and cannot recite Chazarat HaShatz since they each already prayed as individuals (Radbaz; Mishnah Berurah 69:1; Kaf HaChaim 1; Barchu … Continue reading

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