Chapter: 6 – The Four Fasts Commemorating the Churban

1 – Instituting the Fasts

After the destruction (churban) of the First Temple, the prophets instituted fasts in commemoration of the tragic events surrounding the churban and the exile of the Jews [from their Land]. The purpose of these fasts is to arouse the people … Continue reading

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2 – The Tenth of Tevet

[The prophets] established a fast day on the tenth of Tevet, because that is when Nevuchadnetzar King of Babylonia came with his army to besiege Jerusalem, and that marked the beginning of the troubles which ended in the destruction of … Continue reading

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3 – The Seventeenth of Tammuz

The Sages of the Mishnah state, “Five (tragic) events befell our forefathers on the seventeenth of Tammuz: the Tablets [containing the Ten Commandments] were broken, the continuous daily offering (Tamid) was terminated, the city [of Jerusalem] was breached, Apostomus burnt … Continue reading

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4 – The Ninth of Av (Tish’a B’Av)

The Sages of the Mishnah state, “Five [tragic] events befell our forefathers on the ninth of Av: it was decreed upon our ancestors that they would not enter the Land, the First and Second Temples were destroyed, [the city of] … Continue reading

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5 – The Fast of Gedalyah (Tzom Gedalyah)

On the third of Tishrei, Gedalyah ben (son of) Achikam was killed. After the First Temple was destroyed and most of the Jews were exiled to Babylonia, the king of Babylonia appointed Gedalyah ben Achikam as the leader of the … Continue reading

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