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1 – Instituting the Fast of Tish’a B’Av

As we already learned (6.1), the prophets instituted four fasts after the destruction of the First Temple, the gravest of which is Tish’a B’Av, for that is when the Temple was destroyed (for more on the meaning of the fast, … Continue reading

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2 – General Rules of the Fasts

There are three halachic differences between Tish’a B’Av and the minor fasts: 1) Tish’a B’Av lasts an entire day, from sunset until the emergence of the stars [the next day], while the minor fasts last only during daylight hours – … Continue reading

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3 – Eating and Drinking and the Laws of Sick People and Postpartum Women

We already expounded upon the prohibition against eating and drinking vis-à-vis the minor fasts (above, 7.5-7), and we learned that there is a difference between them and Tish’a B’Av: the minor fasts begin at daybreak, while Tish’a B’Av begins at … Continue reading

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4 – Pregnant and Nursing Women

We have learned that one of the differences between the minor fasts and Tish’a B’Av is that pregnant and nursing women are exempt from the former and obligated in the latter (above 7.8). The reason for this is that only … Continue reading

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5 – Washing

Any form of washing for the sake of pleasure is forbidden on Tish’a B’Av, whether the water is hot or cold. One may not even wash a small part of his body; it is even forbidden to dip one finger … Continue reading

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6 – Mitzvah-Related Washing

It is permissible to wash one’s hands for the sake of a mitzvah, because it is not for pleasure purposes. Therefore, kohanim (“priests”) may wash their hands fully, in preparation for the priestly blessings (Rama 613:3, Sh.A. 128:6). However, one … Continue reading

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7 – Anointing, Smelling Spices, and Smoking

It is forbidden to apply oil or cream [on Tish’a B’Av] even to a small area of the body. One is also forbidden to use cosmetics, like powders or salves, to beautify the skin or provide a nice fragrance. This … Continue reading

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8 – Wearing Shoes

On Tish’a B’Av, it is forbidden to wear sandals or shoes made from leather. According to many authorities, only leather shoes are forbidden, while those made from other materials, like rubber and plastic, are permissible, even if they are as … Continue reading

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9 – Marital Relations

The fifth way in which we afflict ourselves [on Tish’a B’Av] is by refraining from marital relations. In order to avoid stumbling in this matter, a couple must act on the night of Tish’a B’Av as they do when the … Continue reading

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10 – Torah Study

In addition to the five [pleasures] that are forbidden on Tish’a B’Av, there are [other] prohibitions that are connected to the fact that Tish’a B’Av is a day of mourning. Just as a mourner is forbidden to learn Torah during … Continue reading

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