Chapter: 09 – Yom Tov Sheni

01. Yom Tov Dates and the Basis for Diaspora Practice

According to Torah law, every Yom Tov is exactly one day. Indeed, this is the practice in Eretz Yisrael on every Yom Tov but Rosh Ha-shana. However, in the Diaspora the Sages ordained that an additional day be celebrated, so … Continue reading

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02. The Second Temple Period

During the time of the Second Temple, a large Jewish community remained in Babylonia. At first, information about the sanctification of the new moon was conveyed to the Diaspora Jews by means of bonfires, as follows: On the night following … Continue reading

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03. The Fixed Calendar and the Permanent Enactment

After the destruction of the Second Temple, the Jewish community in Eretz Yisrael became smaller and smaller, while the community in Babylonia grew. Nevertheless, the authority to sanctify the months and to declare leap years remained in the hands of … Continue reading

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04. Where Two Days Are Kept

According to Rambam, whether Yom Tov Sheni is observed in a specific place does not depend upon its proximity to Jerusalem. Rather, it depends upon how many days of Yom Tov were celebrated there during the period when messengers spread … Continue reading

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05. Laws of Yom Tov Sheni

The laws pertaining to the second day of Yom Tov are the same as those pertaining to the first day, as everything the Sages ordained was patterned on Torah law. Therefore, all the prohibitions – including rabbinic ones – which … Continue reading

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06. A Resident of Israel in the Diaspora

The Sages declared that if one leaves Eretz Yisrael for the Diaspora and plans to remain abroad, he is considered a resident of the Diaspora from the moment he arrives at a Jewish community there. From that point on, he … Continue reading

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07. The Status of One Who Leaves Eretz Yisrael for a Long Time but Plans to Return

If a resident of Eretz Yisrael leaves for an extended period of time but still plans to return to Eretz Yisrael, his status is very unclear. On one hand, since he intends to return, it would seem that his status … Continue reading

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08. A Diaspora Resident on a Visit or Extended Stay to Eretz Yisrael

There is an opinion that one visiting Eretz Yisrael from the Diaspora is considered to be a resident of Eretz Yisrael for the duration of his stay (Ḥakham Tzvi §167). However, most poskim rule that since he lives abroad, he … Continue reading

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09. The Practices of a Yom Tov Sheni While Visiting Eretz Yisrael

As we have seen, if a Diaspora resident comes to visit Eretz Yisrael with no intention of making aliya, he must observe a second day of Yom Tov. This includes not performing any melakha, reciting the Yom Tov prayers, making … Continue reading

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